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MAGNETOSPHERE

SPACE WEATHER

SUN SPOTS, CMEs

MAGNETIC RECONNECTION



Thanks to NASA, NOAA,GOES,POES, JPL,
AND ALL THE GREAT SCIENTISTS
WHO HAVE PROVIDED THE INFORMATION

FOR THIS ARTICLE.
This is not an applied-psi perspecive article,
but a compilation of current scientific thought on the topic.
It is provided to give a showcase for current
ideas by today's researchers in various fields and
to help those of us who get our ideas
by using applied-psi techniques to become
informed of other perspectives on topics, as well.


Everyday changes in the magnetosphere affect us
in ways we may not always realize.
We've become accustomed to hearing about satellites
experiencing difficulties and we have all heard mention
of "sunspot activity." But how many of us have paid attention to
our own personal health, mental and emotional changes,
and daily uses of energy during space storms, sun spot cycles or moments of
intense magnetic reconnection or sound wave reverberations inside the sun?

While we're at it, think about this: If you are in a location where
your cell phone cuts out, the person on the other end of the line
hears static, the phone grows hot in our hand...
what's happening? Where are you?

And...how is this affecting your physical and energetic body,
your mood, your well being? Are you beginning to feel tense?
Intolerant? Hot? Angry? If you remain on this spot for some time,
you will absolutely begin to notice these developments.
What is more, if your call is being cut off, what other signals are being cut off as well?
While many factors are at play here, including the nature of the terrain (stone, marble, metal),
the presence of barriers to line-of-site transmissions, pre-existing
magnetic fields or other types of vortices or anomalies,
in this article we are going to look at what surrounds the earth,
its protective "bubble,", the magnetosphere, and what enters
the magnetosphere--space plasma, solar wind -- and the energetic reaction of the entry
-- magnetic reconnection. And we will look briefly at the life of a sun spot.
With a little imagination, and adding 2 plus 2, one can see that the affect of
these energetic events is enormous upon our lives here on Earth.

Before we start, remember that you are "energy-in-motion."
You are an electro-magnetic field in motion, interacting with
electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields everywhere you go
every day. You live on a planet with a core that
acts like a dipole battery, a strong internal magnetic field,
and this planet is surrounded with a sort of bubble that shields us
from receiving the total bombardment of space plasma directly.
At the outer edge of this "bubble" is a layer called the magnetosphere.
Asha thanks those scientists (see above) who inform us
of the following processes and we borrow here from their explanations.
In other articles, Asha gives the applied psi perspective
on many topics, including the magnetosphere. According to scientists:


SUN SPOTS

In the solar convection zone (outermost layer, sun's interior)
tightly concentrated magnetic field lines rise to the surface
at low latitudes and form bipolar regions of concentrated magnetic fields (sunspots.)
With decay, sunspots imprint the moving plasma with a magnetic signature.
As plasma nears the poles, it sinks back into the convection zone.
As it starts returning toward the equator at speeds of 3'/sec or slower,
increasing concentrated fields become stretched and twisted by
the sun's internal rotation, becoming less stable.
The coiled up magnetic field rises up and tears through the surface.
A sunspot has been born.


MAGNETIC RECONNECTION

The solar wind is a stream of electrically charged particles
(electrons, ions) blown from the sun. It carries magnetic fields that
transfer solar energy from sun to earth
(at hundreds of miles/kilometers per second). The solar winds
at times are gusty. A violent event, such as a CME
(coronal mass ejection), can send a billion tons of electrical gas into space
at millions of miles per hour.

Earth's magnetic field extends tens of
thousands of miles into space. During violent CME events,
it acts as a barrier to magnetic fields and particles.
But it can be penetrated and, in fact, is. A space storm
will put 1,000 billion watts into the magnetic field through "cracks"
that form when the magnetic field orients in the opposite
direction to a portion of the earth's magnetic field. Where
the two fields "interconnect," the process is called
magnetic reconnection. Electrically charged particles then flow
through the crack in our "shield." The cracks can be large
and can be open for hours, allowing the solar wind
to enter into our earthly home.

While most of the space storm
is deflected, what does come through results in problems
with power systems, radio communications and satellites and US.

Magnetic reconnection is also seen in galactic accretion discs
and sun flares. Energy that is stored in the magnetosphere
as a result of the magnetic reconnection process is released
in the auroral displays seen in the polar regions,
the aurora borealis and the aurora australis.

While the release of energy during magnetic reconnections
produces substorms, in the magnetosphere, disruptions in fusion
experiments, scientists are still working to understand the process that
facilitates the breaking of magnetic field lines, drives the speeds and produces
the particles. They are studying the role of Hall currents and anomalous
resistivity. According to Dr. Jiong Qiu, Big Bear Solar Observatory/NJIT,
Jet Propulsion Lab Space Physics Seminar, 2004, Magnetic
reconnection is the physical link between the evolution of flares
and CMEs.

The magnetopause is the interface between the solar wind and
the magnetosphere and is located downstream of the bow shock. At
the bow shock, the solar wind decelerates and the wind is compressed.
At the shock, strong electrical currents flow,
typically a current here being one million Amperes. Electron
populations could be seen witih changing characteristics:
of a hot, low density nature in the magnetosphere and
cold and dense nature of solar wind origin.

A magnetic "flux transfer event" results from
a short burst of magnetic reconnection which results
in a strip of the magnetosphere being ripped from
its sunward edge by the solar wind.

Turbulence, particle acceleration, and reconnection--happen.

EXTREME EVENTS: MAGNETOSPHERIC RESPONSE

October-November 2003 produced large events to Earth's
radiation belt energy particles -- increases
in flux which completely filled the "slot" region.
These belts were full to intensity for more than a month, apparently resulting
in spacecraft anomaly and other space weather effects.
These events were some of the largest since recording began.
Some other geomagnetic storms occurred in June, 1991, October, 1995
(magnetic cloud), July 15, 2000, and the large storm of March, 2001.
The Bastille Day, 2000 superstorm offered opportunities
to observe generation and loss processes of a new radiation belt.

DID YOU HEAR THAT HISS?

Spatial factors (location)--equator or mid-latitudes--
and substorm activity (strongest waves observed
during high levels of substorm activity)
contribute to hiss emissions.
Did you hear them?


See our links page for
connections to their sites.


Want to see what the space weather
outlook is for this week?
Access by selecting here:

SPACE WEATHER

To learn more about interaction
between the magnetosphere and ionosphere:

MAGNETOSPHERE-IONOSPHERE

Copyright 2006.Asha of Antares.Asha Ariel Aleia.All Rights Reserved.
Background photo courtesy:scopeweb.mit.edu